A hoist is a device used to lift or move material. The lifting force is provided by a drum (or wheel) on which wraps a rope (wire or fibre) or a chain.
There are different types of hoists – Electro-hydraulic, manual or lever operated, base mounted, or pendant cranes. These hoists are different in the way they move, but the precautions that should be taken when working with them are similar.
When should you inspect the materials hoists?
- Daily – Inspect hooks, ropes, brakes and limit switches for wear and damage.
- Before lifting a load – Check the upper and lower hooks to see that they swivel. Replace any worn, damaged, or corroded chain or wire rope immediately. Tag any defective chain or rope and remove from service.
- Periodically, or as recommended by the manufacturer or applicable legislation.
- Schedule a detailed inspection of all hoists.
- Follow the manufacturers’ recommended maintenance schedules.
- Replace items not operating properly. Tag defective items and remove from service for repair by a competent person.
- Check that the safe load limit is posted on the hoist.